William Dalrymple on Siraj ud-Daula and Shah Alam
The city of Murshidabad, the administrative centre of belated Mughal Bengal, lay 3 days’ sailing from Calcutta up the Bhagirathi, among the two headstreams of this Ganges.
Together with the weaving that is great of Dhaka, it had been 1 of 2 towns and cities in Bengal that in 1756 ended up being still significantly bigger than Calcutta; certainly, relating to some quotes its population was approximately much like compared to London. As a result, Nawab Aliverdi Khan went the thing that was undoubtedly the wealthiest province associated with the Mughal Empire, though how long that empire nevertheless existed much more than name in 1756 had been now a matter of debate. The Nawab had ceased to deliver the revenue that is annual to Delhi following the onset of the Maratha invasions into the 1740s, and even though those invasions had now ceased the income re re re payments to Delhi hadn’t resumed.
Aliverdi Khan, who was simply of blended Arab and Afshar Turkman stock, had come to power in 1740 in a coup that is military and masterminded because of the immensely powerful Jagat Seth bankers, who controlled the finances of Bengal. The Jagat Seths will make or break anybody in Bengal, such as the ruler, and their governmental instincts had been usually since sharp as their economic people. In this instance, as so frequently, the Seths had opted for their guy well: Aliverdi became a well known and cultured ruler; he was additionally an incredibly capable one.
It absolutely was his bravery, perseverance and genius that is military had succeeded in order to keep the Maratha invasions from increasing, one thing few other Mughal generals had ever succeeded in doing. Continue reading